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The guitar was first played in Spain more than 400 years ago.  Today it is used to play pop and classical music.  The fingerboard has thin strips of metal called frets, which show guitarist where to put their fingers.  they can play single notes or chords.  

Guitar strings are plucked or strummed with the fingers or with a plectrum.

The guitar has a long history, going back at least three thousand years to an ancient Middle Eastern tribe called the Hittites. They played a guitar-like instrument that was probably made from a gourd resonator and had only one or two strings.
About eight hundred years ago medieval minstrels played an instrument called a gittern carved from a single piece of wood and with four metals rings. This is the main ancestors of the Spanish guitar which has a characteristic figure-of-eight shape. This in turn is the ancestor of the many different guitar types played today

The Spanish or Classical Guitar
The present-day Spanish guitar dates from the early 1800s. Before this, guitars were smaller, some having only four strings, with a wide variety of tuning system. The modern instrument has the familiar figure of eight sound box, a round sound hole, nylon strings and machine head tuning keys.
The classical guitar or Spanish guitar has six strings, three nylon treble strings and three bass strings, made from fine wire wound around nylon fibres. For some styles of music, metal strings are used which produce a louder,harsher sound.
The strings are plucked with the nails of the thumb and three fingers. The tone is eve, clear and bell-like; robust in the bass and sweet in the treble. Extremely complex music can be played on this guitar. Like the piano, the melody and the accompaniment can be played at the same time.
The sound of a note can be sustained by plucking the string with the index, middle and ring fingers in quick succession (temolo). Other effects used by the guitarist include vibrato, produced by shaking a finger on a stopped string to give a pulsating tone and playing close to the bridge (sul onticello) which gives a brittle tone.

10 Most Important Guitar Chords for Beginners - Part 1

Guitar Chords for Beginners #2 - How To Play The G Major Chord



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